Mr. Jablonowski, how would we report a standard Audi steering feel?
When we’re behind a circle of a car, a particular steering feel depends on a accumulation of factors. Among other factors, a altogether design, automobile weight and weight placement play a role, as do a particular framework components, a tires, and a steering complement used. Now when we get into conflicting Audi models, we get that informed feeling after usually a brief time – a automobile steers effortlessly, smoothly, and precisely with small effort. And this is loyal regardless of either I’m parking, pushing by hairpin bends, or simply cruising around a city.
Because an Audi steering circle generates incomparable torque, I’m means to negotiate curves precisely and with agility. Our models change instruction with a high grade of precision, generally when pushing quick by swapping turns. On a other hand, an Audi will uniformly expostulate true forward during quick highway speeds and isn’t jumpy during all. This means we can always feel how a automobile is interacting with a road. The steering circle gives me proceed feedback per a car’s balance, spin of grip, and highway roughness such as bumps and ruts. All in all, this is vicious for a protected and pleasing pushing experience.
The automobile growth routine takes adult to 5 years. How do we safeguard that steering feel is given sufficient care during this time?
First, we conclude a doing characteristics for a analogous series. Each indication has a tangible aim operation for a compulsory steering angle. This determines, among other parameters, a compulsory steering ratio or a delivery ratio bend of a front steering axle. Next, we pattern a front spindle steering complement accordingly. With augmenting final on pushing dynamics and doing in incomparable vehicles such as a Q7 and Q8, we also use rear-axle steering.
How is a steering complement calibrated – on a mechanism or in a genuine world?
Both. What we impute to as simple calibration is mostly carried out virtually. We have grown standardised pushing and steering maneuvers that we copy over a vehicle’s whole speed range. We generally concentration on a operation in that a normal patron drives, as a linear operation with low parallel army and normal steering frequencies. But we also pull a boundary to weigh a vehicle’s doing during high levels of parallel acceleration and quick steering frequencies. Basic calibration works intensely good with this approach, generally for formidable systems such as energetic all-wheel steering. But it apparently does not broach formula estimable of final approval.
What’s a subsequent step in a fine-tuning process?
It isn’t nonetheless probable to fine-tune and orchestrate all a framework components with any other around simulations. We can usually scrupulously consider a steering feel by contrast it out on a road. This requires hearing runs to establish either a settings we’ve comparison during simple calibration are headed in a right direction. For this purpose, we initial test-drive a automobile on conflicting exam tracks. Both pattern and biased criteria are taken into comment during a calibration process. We ask ourselves questions like: how is a car’s self-steering behavior? Does a steering circle broadcast a driver’s commands directly or indirectly to a wheels? Does it give a motorist a good feel for a highway surface? Is a steering circle manageable or sluggish?
And what do we do if we learn that a circle hasn’t been scrupulously calibrated?
If a exam expostulate reveals that something needs to be altered or that we should try a conflicting setting, we make a compulsory modifications and soon conduct out for a subsequent exam drive. We adjust parameters in a control units, holding conflicting tires and expostulate systems into account. Much of a fine-tuning and calibration is achieved on open roads. After all, this is accurately where a cars will after work on a day-to-day basis. With any calibration run, we labour a criteria and a altogether complement until it finally reaches prolongation status.
In this context, how do we privately understanding with a emanate of strange tires?
It’s eventually a tires that put a cars’ technological corner on a road. Selecting conflicting tires can significantly change a vehicle’s pushing and steering behavior. This means it’s vicious that a framework and steering complement work together in ideal harmony. It takes several years before a new Audi and a form of tire are a ideal match. Together with heading manufacturers, we rise a suitable tire done of state-of-the-art materials privately for any Audi model. In this process, we orchestrate a specifications with a operation of tires offering by a partner companies. The list of criteria that an strange Audi tire contingency prove in endless contrast is utterly long.
What criteria does this include?
The pattern of a summer and winter tires is fine-tuned over several stages until we are confident with a opening as it pertains to runout quality, rolling resistance, pushing dynamics and handling, braking characteristics, quick running, aquaplaning, winter testing, and uniformity. In a process, a pattern of a tire substructure, a carcass, and a rubber devalue for a step are invariably tailored to a automobile model. During a growth process, we set a bar above a authorised requirements. Only after around 50 tests is a tire authorised to be sole on an Audi. In total, we cover 40,000 kilometers in a continuation tests.
Audi now has several steering systems in a range. What are a advantages of this?
Our electromechanical energy steering complement has laid a grounds for all of a steering systems. Thanks to this system, it is probable to change a steering assistance depending on a speed. Progressive steering was grown on a basement of this system. This operates – as a name suggests – with a on-going delivery ratio. This means that steering movements are transmitted in conflicting ways depending on a steering angle. This noticeably reduces a bid compulsory to expostulate a automobile during maneuvering and parking. On circuitous farming roads and when turning, however, a motorist will notice a some-more energetic response as a outcome of a some-more proceed steering. The boost afterwards came with a introduction of energetic steering. It creates it probable to change a steering ratio exclusively of a steering angle. This resolved countless technical compromises. In addition, drivers can also adjust a steering ratio to fit their needs around Audi expostulate select.
Then there’s all-wheel steering and energetic all-wheel steering – your stream tip record among steering systems. What are a advantages of adding rear-axle steering?
The further of rear-axle steering, famous as all-wheel steering during Audi, significantly improves a vehicle’s handling. Each and each one of us has incidentally driven over a quell with a inside back circle while pushing adult to a subsequent spin in a slight parking garage. Thanks to a all-wheel steering, this no longer happens as easily. At low speed, a back spindle is directed in a conflicting instruction of a steering circle angle. This creates a trail driven by a automobile smaller and noticeably reduces a branch radius when maneuvering. If, on a other hand, you’re roving faster, a steering instruction is reversed. The fact that a wheels spin in a same instruction on both axles formula in significantly softened pushing stability, generally when passing. Dynamic all-wheel steering eventually combines a advantages of energetic and all-wheel steering. In that sense, we always advantage from a prior technologies.