A thump. A Soyuz plug collides with a International Space Station (ISS) when perplexing to dock. Mission failed. “Wow,” exclaims Timo Bernhard, staring during a joystick in his hand, “this is complicated”. It’s diversion over. Luckily, a motorist from Saarland has usually crashed during a simulation; both a genuine plug and a ISS sojourn unscathed. “Compared with pushing a car, we have to be some-more clever and some-more warning when drifting a spacecraft,” admits a two-time Le Mans champion, who is familiar in regulating simulators and can work a steering circle of his Porsche 919, with a 24 buttons and 6 paddles in his sleep. This is a male who can instinctively navigate his approach opposite a line during over 300 km/h – yet who fails to park a Soyuz scrupulously in space when advancing during a snail’s gait of merely 15 centimetres per second. There’s no contrition in that though. “You need 1000 attempts before we master a process,” explains Matthias Maurer, who has turn an consultant in it. He will be a second German astronaut, after Alexander Gerst, to fly to a ISS, due to start between 2020 and 2022.
In 2017, Bernhard invited his associate compatriot from Saarland to a Nürburgring
Part dual of a racing-driver-meets-space-pilot-saga takes place in perfume during a European Astronaut Centre, partial of a European Space Agency (ESA). In a summer of 2017, Timo Bernhard invites his associate compatriot from Saarland to a Nürburgring, where a Porsche bureau motorist introduces his caller to his world. He explains how to drive a 919 ever faster turn a bend, shows him how to set a stop change and explains because pushing in a sleet during night requires courage. He talks of his adore for speed-racing, of his 368 km/h attainment in Le Mans, of his unimaginable four-second acceleration from 0 to 200, and of army on a physique of adult to 5 g – whereby your physique feels 5 times heavier than usual.
In reply, Maurer states that he has to continue g-forces of adult to 8, as a rocket accelerates to 28,000 km/h in usually 9 mins – nonetheless apparently “you can frequency feel it”. This means that 6 hours later, a organisation of 3 wharf onto a ISS, 400 kilometres above Earth. Two group reaching for their limits: it’s easy to see where they share common ground. In a summer of 2018, Bernhard visits a ESA and enters into a astronaut’s orbit.
Matthias Maurer shows a European Astronaut Centre to Timo Bernhard
With a unsuccessful pit-stop-in-space make-believe knowledge behind them, a wanderer and racing-driver stand aboard an ISS Columbus training module. In an artless 40 x 40 metre room of 20 metres in height, 1:1 scale imitations of a genuine space hire modules have been assembled for training purposes. One of a training modules is submerged in a 10-metre-deep pool, so that a budding astronauts can get to grips with 0 gravity.
“The suits are configured to make we feel easy in water”, says Maurer, who – during one training event – became caught in a wire several times while wearing his 130-kilogram suit. An occurrence that roughly saw him dumped from a training programme. “Wearing a winding helmet visor underneath H2O is like looking by a magnifying glass,” explains a 48-year old. Timo Bernhard’s work suit, on a other hand, is most easier to wear. His fireproof overalls import hardly one kilogram, and his helmet small some-more than that.
Exercise for dual hours a day
“I’ve never gifted what it feels like to be weightless,” he says, “but we would adore to know what it’s like”. Weightlessness is a reason because astronauts have to practice for dual hours a day when they’re in space. Racing automobile drivers are put by a identical training programme behind on Earth. Drivers like Bernhard contingency strive themselves by using and weight training, so that they can continue a earthy aria of a race; astronauts have to sight tough so they don’t lapse to Earth with a physique of a 90-year old. If we don’t practice when in 0 gravity, we remove bone firmness and flesh mass, your corporeal fluids are redistributed, and we remove blood volume.
“You age 30 x times faster than on Earth,” says Maurer knowingly. You sight on treadmills – with a rubber cord trustworthy to negate a lightness – on ergometers and on weight-training machines with opening cylinders. “If you’re in outdoor space and inlet calls, we have to remember about a ‘recoil principle’,” says a wanderer tongue in cheek. Always reason on tight.
Bernhard: “I would adore to know what being easy is like”
Maurer, who has a PhD in Materials Science, points out that this element also relates to his work in a Columbus procession and explains to his caller what his tasks involve. What happens to a square when it melts in 0 gravity? “It’s critical to know this when building engines, as they need to be rarely strong during a low weight,” he says. The accurate instructions as to what he has to do are transmitted from Earth around radio broadcasting, that creates his pursuit some-more that of a lab partner than a investigate scientist.
Both Bernhard and Maurer rest on teamwork to strech their goals
“I’m always in hit with my group around radio, as well,” says a Porsche racing driver. Just as a people sitting during a control row in perfume broadcast instructions remotely to their male in space, a engineers, sat in their array in front of a monitors, observe each in. of Bernhard’s race. They guard each square of information from a vehicle, check a racing lines and give instructions such as: “Stay serve in when we strech dilemma five”. Both Bernhard and Maurer rest on teamwork to strech their goals, and both jobs need a lot of trust in those teams. “You need support from your group in sequence to do your job,” stresses a astronaut.
However, astronauts and racing-car drivers conflict differently in situations that need independence – such as when a glow or trickle breaks out on a ISS, or when a automobile right in front of you, pushing during 250 km/h, starts skidding, or your possess automobile receives an impact. “The series one order is to sojourn calm,” says Maurer, who knows a procession for any predicament situation, that he reels off step-by-step. “If we don’t follow protocol, we competence pile-up and die,” he says. “I can’t usually park on a trackside and travel over to a pit”.
Maurer’s series one rule: “To sojourn calm”
In an puncture situation, Timo Bernhard allows his tummy instinct to beam him. He has yet milliseconds to act fast and to make a right decision, though hesitating. “It’s turn second nature, meaningful what we should do in any situation,” says a 37-year old. Both group face a same risk: in their line of work, there might not be a second chance. A few hours after in a ESA Centre, Timo Bernhard and Matthias Maurer are prepared to partial ways again, yet not before a racing automobile motorist learns that astronauts sight and ready for 10 years, for usually one outing into space. “That would be like practising on a simulator for 10 years, usually to run one 24-hour competition in Le Mans,” he says, gobsmacked; that would totally out of a doubt for him. Docking a Soyuz plug to a ISS? Experiencing a array stop in space? Not necessary. Driving his Porsche 919 into a array line on Earth is some-more than enough.
Astronaut Matthias Maurer was innate in 1970 and has a PhD in Material Sciences. In 2008 he was one of 8,500 field and one of usually 10 possibilities to be accepted. In 2015, he began his substructure training with a ESA. Part of a training enclosed being taken to a 20-kilometre cavern system, along with other trainees, and carrying to navigate behind to belligerent level. Another partial of a programme concerned a 48-hour presence training march in a winter. During his training, Maurer learnt how to tack adult his possess wounds and to lift out his possess teeth. He learnt Russian and Chinese, and can pronounce English, Spanish, French, Catalan and German fluently. On a 25 Sep 2018, Maurer perceived a central pretension of astronaut.
Racing automobile motorist Timo Bernhard was innate in 1981 and during usually 10 years of age started pushing racing carts. He shortly detected continuation racing and won a classical Le Mans competition in 2010 with Audi, and in 2017 with Porsche. In 2015 and 2017, he became Driver’s Champion in a World Endurance Championships. He binds a universe record for a Nürburgring-Nordschleife, with a path time of 5:19.546 minutes.
This essay initial seemed in a Stuttgarter Nachrichten newspaper.
Author: Jürgen Kemmner